Breast cancer often leads to a mastectomy despite all modern and advanced screening methods and relatively early detection in the majority of cases.
FOLLOWING A MASTECTOMY IT IS THE JOB OF THE PLASTIC SURGEON TO RECONSTRUCT THE DEFECT AND RESTORE THE HARMONY AND BALANCE IN THE FEMALE BODY.
The method of preference is that of a two-stage reconstruction where a pocket is initially formed under the pectoralis major muscle and a tissue expander is inserted. By filling it with water, we cause a iatrogenic tissue expansion by which we progressively gain enough tissue for a breast implant of the appropriate size and volume to be inserted into the cavity created. Often, some minor correction of the contralateral breast for symmetrization might follow either simultaneously (usually the case) or at a second stage a few months down the line. In this way, the healthy breast resembles the one excised by the mastectomy more closely in terms of volume and shape.
Nowadays with Plastic surgery being able to offer excellent and long-lasting results, there should not be any woman that has to tolerate the results of a mastectomy for the rest of her life. Moreover, it should be noted that in many cases mastectomy and reconstruction are done in the same surgery.
In the last phase of the operation, the nipple areola complex is reconstructed so that the end result resembles as close as possible the initial healthy breast. The significance of breast reconstruction after a mastectomy not only impacts a woman’s appearance, but also a woman's self-esteem and confidence. Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is one of the best things a woman can do to begin her life anew.